Using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse
The following options are recognized:. If a part is unknown to AVRDUDE, it means that there is no config file entry for that part, but it can be added to the configuration file if you have the Atmel datasheet so that you can enter the programming specifications.
Currently, the following MCU types are understood:. Known to work are jtag2, stkv2, and bit-bang programmers. Thus, not all programmers support this device. Known to work are all direct bitbang programmers, and all programmers talking the STKv2 protocol. The value is a floating-point number in microseconds. Specify the programmer to be used.
Use this option to specify which one to use. Simply copy an existing entry and change the using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse definitions to match that of the unknown programmer. Currently, the following programmer ids are understood and supported:. Use the specified config file for configuration data.
If you have a programmer or part that AVRDUDE does not know about, you can add it to the config file be sure and submit a patch back to the author so that it can be incorporated for the next version.
See Appendix A for the method of searching for the configuration file for Windows. Disable auto erase for flash. When the -U option with flash memory is specified, avrdude will perform a chip erase before starting any of the programming operations, since it generally is a mistake to program the flash without performing an erase first.
This option disables that. Auto erase is not used for ATxmega devices as these devices can use page erase before writing each page so no explicit chip erase is required.
Note however that any page not affected by the current operation will retain its previous contents. Causes a chip erase to be executed. Except for ATxmega devices which can use page erase, it is basically a prerequisite command before the flash ROM can be reprogrammed again.
Note that in order to reprogram EERPOM cells, no explicit prior chip erase is required since the Using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse provides an auto-erase cycle in that case before programming the cell. This option will leave those parallel port pins active i. Since it can happen from time to time that a device has a broken erased or overwritten device signature but is otherwise operating normally, this options is provided to override the check. For bitbang-type programmers, delay for approximately delay microseconds between each bit state change.
This is implemented as a spin-loop delay to allow even for very short delays. On Unix-style operating systems, the spin loop is initially calibrated against a system timer, so the number of microseconds might be rather realistic, assuming a constant system load while AVRDUDE is running. On Win32 operating systems, a preconfigured number of cycles per microsecond is assumed that might be off a bit for very fast or very slow machines.
Use port to identify the device to which the programmer is attached. Normally, the default parallel port is used, but if the programmer type normally connects to the serial port, the default serial port will be used. See Appendix A, Platform Dependent Information, to find out the default port names for your platform. If you need to use a different parallel or serial using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse, use this option to specify the alternate port name.
On Win32 operating systems, the parallel ports are referred to as lpt1 through lpt3, referring to the addresses 0x, 0x, and 0x3BC, respectively. If the parallel port can be accessed through a different address, this address can be specified directly, using the common C language notation i. The match is done after stripping any existing colons from the given serial number, and right-to-left, so only the least significant bytes from the serial number need to be given. Libusb support is required on Unix but not on Windows.
For more information about AVR-Doper see http: See section Troubleshooting for examples. For programmers that attach to a serial port using some kind of higher level protocol as opposed to bit-bang style programmersport can be specified as net: Using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse remote endpoint is assumed to be a terminal or console server that connects the network stream to a local serial port where the actual programmer has been attached to.
The port is assumed to be properly configured, using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse example using a transparent 8-bit data connection without parity at Baud for a STK Disable or quell output of the progress bar while reading or writing to the device. Specify it a second time for even quieter operation. Disables the default behaviour of reading out the fuses three times before programming, then verifying at the end of programming that the fuses have not changed.
If you want to change fuses you will need to specify this option, as avrdude will see the fuses have changed even though you wanted to and will change them back for your using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse. This option was designed to prevent cases of fuse bits magically changing usually called safemode. See below for a detailed description of the terminal mode.
Perform a memory operation. The memtype field specifies the memory type to operate on. All memory types currently known are:. The fuse bytes of ATxmega devices, N is an using atprogram to program atmega328 binary and fuse number for each fuse supported by the device.
The filename field indicates the name of the file to read or write. The format field is optional and contains the format of the file to read or write. This is useful for programming fuse bytes without having to create a single-byte file or enter terminal mode. If the number specified begins with 0xit is treated as a hex value. If the number otherwise begins with a leading zero 0 it is treated as octal. Otherwise, the value is treated as decimal.
They generate one line of output for the respective memory section, forming a comma-separated list of the values. This can be particularly useful for subsequent processing, like for fuse bit settings. Note that if filename contains a colon, the format field is no longer optional since the filename part following the colon would otherwise be misinterpreted as format.
As an abbreviation, the form -U filename is equivalent to specifying -U flash: This will only work if filename does not have a colon in it. The interpretation of the extended parameter depends on the programmer itself. See below for a list of programmers accepting extended parameters. Presumably, the device would only be erased just before being programmed, and thus, this can be utilized to give an indication of how many erase-rewrite cycles the part has undergone.
Since the FLASH memory can only endure a finite number of erase-rewrite cycles, one can use this option to track when a part is nearing the limit.
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